Pierce Manufacturing Inc. is a fire truck manufacturer located in Appleton, Wisconsin. It was acquired by Oshkosh Corporation in 1996 and is a wholly owned subsidiary.

History[edit | edit source]

The company was originally founded in 1913 by Humphrey Pierce and his son Dudley as the Pierce Auto Body Works Inc., and concentrated on building custom truck bodies for the Ford Model T. From the 1960s to the early 1980s, Pierce was primarily known for building custom bodies on commercial and other manufacturer's custom chassis, and was considered an OEM.

Although the Arrow name was used for their first custom chassis which debuted in 1979, the company has no affiliation with George N. Pierce's famous Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company of Buffalo, New York, which operated from 1901 to 1938. However, the Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company coincidentally supplied 8- and 12-cylinder engines to Seagrave for use in their fire apparatus. These engines continued to be made even after Pierce-Arrow ceased operation in 1938. Seagrave continued to deliver fire apparatus with the "Pierce-Arrow" V-12 until 1970.

Throughout the years, Pierce has had partnerships with various other manufacturers, notably when it came to aerial devices (they now engineer and build all their own aerial devices in-house). Such aerial manufacturers included Snorkel, Pitman, Aerial Innovations (AI), Ladder Towers Incorporated (LTI), Smeal, Bronto Skylift and NovaQuintech (whose assets Pierce/Oshkosh acquired in 1997). In addition to their main facilities in Wisconsin, they also have facilities in Bradenton, Florida. The Florida facility is a manufacturing site for the Contender and Responder line of apparatus, as well as a refurbishment center.

Production[edit | edit source]

Pierce Manufacturing Inc. build pumpers, tankers, aerials, rescues on their own custom chassis and on commercial chassis.

Innovations[edit | edit source]

Custom chassis[edit | edit source]

At present, Pierce denotes all their cab models with a 4-digit numerical suffix. The first two digits identify the length of the cab, measured from the center of the front axle to the rear cab wall. The last two digits identify the height of the roof. Dimensions are measured in inches ("). For example, an Arrow XT 6710 cab measures 67" in length with a 10" raised roof. Flat roof cabs are denoted with a "00" in place of the roof height and aerials may have a notched version of the shortest roof height configuration available, per each cab.

Current custom chassis[edit | edit source]

Discontinued custom chassis[edit | edit source]

Between 1987 and 1993, Pierce supplied custom chassis to Superior Emergency Vehicles, including the Arrow, Dash, and Lance.

Aerials[edit | edit source]

Ascendant Class of Aerials[edit | edit source]

Ladders[edit | edit source]

75' Heavy-Duty Aluminum Ladder 75' Heavy-Duty Steel Ladder 100' Heavy-Duty Aluminum Ladder 100' Heavy-Duty Steel Ladder 105' Heavy-Duty Steel Ladder
Production 2004-present 1992-present 2006-present ????-present 1992-present
Custom
Chassis
Arrow XT
Dash CF
Enforcer
Impel
Quantum
Velocity
Arrow XT
Dash CF
Enforcer
Impel
Quantum
Velocity
Arrow XT
Dash CF
Quantum
Velocity
Arrow XT
Dash CF
Quantum
Velocity
Arrow XT
Dash CF
Enforcer
Impel
Quantum
Velocity
Ladder
Reach
75' vertical
67'-9" horizontal
75' vertical
69' horizontal
100' vertical
91'-7" horizontal
100' vertical
94'-1" horizontal
105' vertical
100' horizontal
Operating
Range
-8° to 76° -5° to 75° -8° to 76° -8° to 75° -8° to 75°
Payload
Capacity
750 lbs. dry
500 lbs. wet
500 lbs. dry or wet 750 lbs. dry
500 lbs. wet
750 lbs. dry
500 lbs. wet
750 lbs. dry
500 lbs. wet
Water Flow
Capacity
1500 US GPM 1000 US GPM 1500 US GPM 1000 US GPM 1000 US GPM
Stabilizers 1 pair of H-style outriggers
(16' jack spread)
1 pair of H-style outriggers
(16' jack spread)
2 pairs of H-style outriggers
(12' jack spread)
2 pairs of H-style outriggers
(12' jack spread)
2 pairs of H-style outriggers
(Up to 16' jack spread)
Body
Styles
Quint
Truck (no pump/no tank)
Quint
Truck (no pump/no tank)
Quint
Truck (no pump/no tank)
Quint
Truck (no pump/no tank)
Quint
Truck (no pump/no tank)
Tank
Capacity
Up to 500 US gallons Up to 500 US gallons Up to 750 US gallons Up to 750 US gallons Up to 750 US gallons
PUC pump Available Available Available Available Available

Platforms[edit | edit source]

100' Heavy Duty Aluminum Platform 100' Heavy Duty Steel Platform
Production 2009-present 1991-present
Custom Chassis Arrow XT
Dash CF
Quantum
Velocity
Arrow XT
Dash CF
Quantum
Velocity
Ladder Reach 100' vertical
92' horizontal
100' vertical
93' horizontal
Operating Range -11.5° to 76° -5° to 75°
Payload Capacity 1000 lbs. dry
500 lbs. wet
1000 lbs. dry
500 lbs. wet
Water Flow Capacity 2000 US GPM 3000 US GPM
Stabilizers 2 pairs of H-style outriggers (16'-6" jack spread) 2 pairs of H-style outriggers (18' jack spread)
Body Styles Quint
Truck (no pump/no tank)
Quint
Truck (no pump/no tank)
Tank Capacity Up to 500 US gallons Up to 500 US gallons
PUC pump Available Available

Sky-Boom[edit | edit source]

The Sky-Boom is available in a 55' or 61' reach (16.76 m or 18.59 m),and delivers an unrestricted 500 lb (226.8 kg) dry tip load rating and a 250 lb (113.4 kg) tip load while flowing 1,000 gpm (3,785 Lpm) of water.

Discontinued products[edit | edit source]

  • 85' heavy-duty platform (1998-2019)
  • 95' mid-mount platform (2000-2018)
  • 100' Sky-Arm platform (1998-2012)
  • 116' Bronto Skylift platform (2011-2014)
  • 100' medium-duty tiller (19??-2017)
  • 100' heavy-duty tiller (19??-2017)
  • 100' medium-duty ladder (????-2019)
  • 100' mid-mount ladder (????-2019)

Pumpers[edit | edit source]

  • pumper 
  • rescue pumper
  • heavy-duty rescue pumper
  • snozzle (50' or 65')

Rescues[edit | edit source]

  • walk-around
  • walk-in
  • combination
  • Encore
  • command

Tankers[edit | edit source]

  • pumper tanker
  • dry-side tanker

Sources[edit | edit source]

  • McCall, Walter M.P. Illustrated Encyclopedia of American Fire Engine Manufacturers. Hudson, WI: Iconografix, 2009.
  • Pierce Manufacturing history

External Links[edit | edit source]

Pierce Manufacturing Inc.

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